News Sci/Tech Exploring Solar Turbulence: Parker Solar Probe's Remarkable Discovery
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Exploring Solar Turbulence: Parker Solar Probe's Remarkable Discovery

By Rahul Rao | Published on April 2, 2024

Parker Solar Probe CME Observation

Every now and then, the sun experiences magnetic field disturbances that result in colossal clouds of plasma erupting into space. These cosmic belches, known as coronal mass ejections (CMEs), have far-reaching consequences. When a CME collides with Earth, it can produce mesmerizing auroras and wreak havoc on electrical grids and satellites.

Unprecedented Insight into a Solar Storm

NASA's Parker Solar Probe, on its daring mission to explore the sun up close, recently achieved a historic milestone. It peered directly into a CME as it burst forth from our star. What the probe's Wide-field Imager for Parker Solar Probe (WISPR) captured is nothing short of a treasure trove for solar physicists.

The WISPR instrument revealed clear, turbulent eddies within the CME. These eddies, scientifically termed Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities (KHI), occur when fast-moving plasma interacts with other regions. On Earth, we observe KHI in cloud formations where wind speeds vary across different parts of the cloud.

Unlocking the Secrets of Solar Dynamics

Solar physicists believe that understanding turbulence is crucial for comprehending CME evolution and behavior. KHI plays a fundamental role in regulating how CMEs move through the solar wind surrounding the sun. Dr. Evangelos Paouris, a solar physicist at George Mason University, emphasizes the significance of these findings.

"The turbulence giving rise to KHI shapes the dynamics of CMEs," says Dr. Paouris. "Our observations provide a unique window into this intricate dance of plasma and magnetic fields."

The Parker Solar Probe, launched in 2018, has ventured closer to the sun's corona than any previous mission. At just 11.5 solar radii from the sun's surface, it has become humanity's first artificial object to penetrate the sun's outer atmosphere. And its journey isn't over yet.

Continuing the Solar Odyssey

The probe's elliptical orbit, strategically using Venus for gravity assists, has allowed it to tighten its loop around the sun. In November of this year, it will pass Venus once more, further refining its trajectory. By 2025, the Parker Solar Probe will venture within a mere 9.5 solar radii from the sun, providing even more astonishing insights into our star's secrets.

Stay tuned as we unravel the mysteries of our sun, one solar storm at a time.

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