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Key Events of 2024: A Recap of Significant Global Happenings

The year 2024 was full of surprises, challenges, and achievements for the world. From breakthroughs in science and technology to political and social changes, many events shaped the course of history and the future of humanity. Here are some of the key events of 2024 that you should know about.

The First Human Mission to Mars

One of the most remarkable and ambitious events of 2024 was the launch of the first human mission to Mars. The mission, named Artemis, was a joint effort by NASA, ESA, and other space agencies, and involved sending four astronauts to the red planet for a six-month stay. The mission aimed to explore the Martian surface, conduct scientific experiments, and test the feasibility of human colonization. The launch took place on February 6, 2024, from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, and the landing occurred on August 18, 2024, in the Jezero Crater. The crew consisted of two men and two women, representing the United States, France, India, and Japan. The mission was a huge success, as the astronauts performed various tasks, such as collecting rock samples, planting crops, and deploying a rover. The mission also made history by conducting the first extravehicular activity (EVA) on Mars, and the first interplanetary video call with Earth. The crew returned safely to Earth on February 12, 2025, bringing back valuable data and insights for future missions.

The End of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Another major event of 2024 was the end of the COVID-19 pandemic, which had plagued the world since late 2019. The pandemic, caused by a novel coronavirus, had infected over 300 million people and killed over 6 million people worldwide, disrupting the global economy, health, and society. The pandemic was finally declared over by the World Health Organization (WHO) on June 21, 2024, after more than 90% of the global population had been vaccinated, and the number of new cases and deaths had dropped significantly. The end of the pandemic was celebrated by millions of people around the world, who expressed their gratitude, relief, and joy. The end of the pandemic also marked the beginning of a new era of recovery, resilience, and cooperation, as the world learned from the lessons and challenges of the crisis.

The Rise of Artificial Intelligence

The year 2024 also witnessed the rise of artificial intelligence (AI) as a dominant force in various fields and domains. AI, which refers to the ability of machines and systems to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as reasoning, learning, and decision making, had been advancing rapidly in the past decade, thanks to the development of new algorithms, hardware, and data. In 2024, AI reached new heights of performance, innovation, and impact, surpassing human capabilities in some areas, and enhancing them in others. Some of the notable achievements of AI in 2024 included:

  • The creation of the first artificial general intelligence (AGI), which is an AI system that can perform any intellectual task that a human can. The AGI, named Copernicus, was developed by a team of researchers from Google, MIT, and Stanford, and demonstrated its abilities by solving complex problems, generating original content, and conversing with humans.
  • The development of the first brain-computer interface (BCI), which is a device that allows direct communication between the brain and a computer. The BCI, named Neuralink, was invented by Elon Musk, and enabled users to control devices, access information, and enhance their cognitive functions with their thoughts.
  • The emergence of the first AI artist, which is an AI system that can create original and expressive works of art, such as paintings, music, and poetry. The AI artist, named Ada, was created by a group of artists and programmers, and exhibited its works in various galleries and museums, attracting praise and criticism from the public and critics.

The Global Climate Summit

The final event of 2024 that we will highlight was the Global Climate Summit, which was a meeting of world leaders, experts, and activists to address the issue of climate change and its effects on the planet. The summit, which took place in Paris from November 30 to December 11, 2024, was the follow-up to the 2015 Paris Agreement, which aimed to limit the global temperature rise to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. The summit was attended by over 190 countries, as well as representatives from various organizations, such as the United Nations, the European Union, and the World Bank. The summit resulted in the adoption of the Paris Declaration, which was a comprehensive and ambitious plan to combat climate change and its impacts. The declaration included the following commitments:

  • To achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, and reduce them by at least 50% by 2030, compared to 2010 levels.
  • To increase the share of renewable energy sources in the global energy mix to at least 80% by 2050, and phase out fossil fuels, especially coal, by 2030.
  • To provide at least $100 billion per year in climate finance to developing countries, to help them adapt to the effects of climate change and transition to low-carbon economies.
  • To enhance the resilience and adaptation of vulnerable communities and ecosystems to the impacts of climate change, such as droughts, floods, storms, and sea level rise.
  • To promote innovation and cooperation in the development and deployment of clean and efficient technologies, such as carbon capture and storage, hydrogen, and electric vehicles.

The Global Climate Summit was hailed as a historic and hopeful event, as it demonstrated the collective will and action of the world to tackle one of the most pressing and existential challenges of our time.

Conclusion

The year 2024 was a remarkable and memorable year for the world, as it witnessed many events that had a significant and lasting impact on the global affairs and the human condition. From the first human mission to Mars to the end of the COVID-19 pandemic, from the rise of artificial intelligence to the Global Climate Summit, the events of 2024 shaped the present and the future of the world. As we look back at the key events of 2024, we can appreciate the achievements, challenges, and opportunities that they brought, and look forward to the new events that await us in 2025 and beyond.

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